How can I start the python console within a program (for easy debugging)?

空扰寡人 提交于 2019-12-05 00:16:25

问题


After years of research programming in Matlab, I miss the way I could pause a program mid-execution and inspect the variables, do plotting, save/modify data, etc. via the interactive console, and then resume execution.

Is there a way to do the same thing in python?

For example:


   # ... python code ...
   RunInterpreter
   # Interactive console is displayed, so user can inspect local/global variables
   # User types CTRL-D to exit, and script then continues to run
   # ... more python code ...

This would make debugging a lot easier. Suggestions much appreciated, thanks!


回答1:


Use the pdb library.

I have this line bound to <F8> in Vim:

import pdb; pdb.set_trace()

That will drop you into a pdb console.

The pdb console isn't quite the same as the standard Python console… But it will do most of the same stuff. Also, in my ~/.pdbrc, I've got:

alias i from IPython.Shell import IPShellEmbed as IPSh; IPSh(argv='')()

So that I can get into a "real" iPython shell from pdb with the i command:

(pdb) i
...
In [1]:



回答2:


The excellent solution I found was to use the 'code' module. I can now call 'DebugKeyboard()' from anywhere in my code and the interpreter prompt will pop-up, allowing me to examine variables and run code. CTRL-D will continue the program.

import code
import sys    

def DebugKeyboard(banner="Debugger started (CTRL-D to quit)"):

    # use exception trick to pick up the current frame
    try:
        raise None
    except:
        frame = sys.exc_info()[2].tb_frame.f_back

    # evaluate commands in current namespace
    namespace = frame.f_globals.copy()
    namespace.update(frame.f_locals)

    print "START DEBUG"
    code.interact(banner=banner, local=namespace)
    print "END DEBUG"



回答3:


The code module contains classes for bringing up a REPL.




回答4:


Check out the Python debugger. In short, you can insert

import pdb; pdb.set_trace()

at any point in your program that you want to debug. (Note that you should remove these in release versions!)




回答5:


pdb is what you're looking for - just put a call to pdb.set_trace() wherever you want to drop into an debugger.



来源:https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4511763/how-can-i-start-the-python-console-within-a-program-for-easy-debugging

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