c# wpf overlapping controls not receiving mouse events

僤鯓⒐⒋嵵緔 提交于 2019-12-05 00:16:37


I am building a canvas control. This root canvas has several overlapping children (canvas as well). This is done so each child can handle its own drawing and I can then compose the final result with any combination of children to get the desired behavior.

This is working very well as far as rendering is concerned. This does not work so well with mouse events however. The way mouse events works are as follow (using previewmousemove as an example):

1- If root canvas is under mouse, fire event 2- Check all children, if one is under mouse, fire event and stop

As such, only the first child I add will receive the mouse move event. The event is not propagated to all children because they overlap.

To overcome this, I attempted the following: 1- Override mouse events in the root canvas 2- For every event, find all children that want to handle the event using VisualTreeHelper.HitTest 3- For all children that returned a valid hit test result (ie: under mouse and willing to handle the event (IsHitTestVisible == true)), ???

This is where I am stuck, I somehow need to send the mouse event to all children, and stop the normal flow of the event to make sure the first child doesn't receive it twice (via handled = true in the event).

By using RaiseEvent with the same event passed on the children, things seem to work but somehow it raises the event on the parent (root canvas) as well. To bypass this I needed to create a copy of the event and set force set the source though it appears to be more of a hack than a solution. Is there a proper way to do what I am trying to do? Code example follows.

    public class CustomCanvas : Canvas
        private List<object> m_HitTestResults = new List<object>();

        public new event MouseEventHandler MouseMove;

        public CustomCanvas()
            base.PreviewMouseMove += new MouseEventHandler(CustomCanvas_MouseMove);

        private void CustomCanvas_MouseMove(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
// Hack here, why is the event raised on the parent as well???
            if (e.OriginalSource == this)

                Point pt = e.GetPosition((UIElement)sender);

                    new HitTestFilterCallback(OnHitTest),
                    new HitTestResultCallback(OnHitTest),
                    new PointHitTestParameters(pt));

                MouseEventArgs tmpe = new MouseEventArgs(e.MouseDevice, e.Timestamp, e.StylusDevice);
                tmpe.RoutedEvent = e.RoutedEvent;
                tmpe.Source = this;

                foreach (object hit in m_HitTestResults)
                    UIElement element = hit as UIElement;
                    if (element != null)
 // This somehow raises the event on us as well as the element here, why???

            var handlers = MouseMove;
            if (handlers != null)
                handlers(sender, e);

            e.Handled = true;

        private HitTestFilterBehavior OnHitTest(DependencyObject o)
            UIElement element = o as UIElement;
            if (element == this)
                return HitTestFilterBehavior.ContinueSkipSelf;
            else if (element != null && element.IsHitTestVisible && element != this)
                return HitTestFilterBehavior.Continue;
            return HitTestFilterBehavior.ContinueSkipSelfAndChildren;

        private HitTestResultBehavior OnHitTest(HitTestResult result)
            // Add the hit test result to the list that will be processed after the enumeration.
            // Set the behavior to return visuals at all z-order levels.
            return HitTestResultBehavior.Continue;


I think you should use the preview events because those are RoutingStrategy.Tunnel from Window to the most high control in Z-Order, and normal events are RoutingStrategy.Bubble.

In this RoutedEvents there are a property Handle when it's true the system will stop to traverse the visual tree because someone used this event.


I found your code example interesting so I gave it a try... but I had to make a small modification for it to work properly in my stuff.

I had to change the 2nd "if" in the HitTestFilter method as follow:

if (element == null || element.IsHitTestVisible)

As you can see I removed the useless "element != this" at the end (you already tested that condition in the 1st "if") and I added "element == null" at the beginning.

Why? Because at some point during the filtering the parameter type was System.Windows.Media.ContainerVisual which doesn't inherit from UIElement and so element would be set to null and ContinueSkipSelfAndChildren would be returned. But I don't want to skip the children because my Canvas is contained inside its "Children" collection and UIElements I want to hittest with are contained in Canvas.


Just as @GuerreroTook said, you should solve this by using WPF's RoutedEvents (more information here.