Check image urls using python-markdown

▼魔方 西西 提交于 2019-12-05 00:20:42

问题


On a website I'm creating I'm using Python-Markdown to format news posts. To avoid issues with dead links and HTTP-content-on-HTTPS-page problems I'm requiring editors to upload all images to the site and then embed them (I'm using a markdown editor which I've patched to allow easy embedding of those images using standard markdown syntax).

However, I'd like to enforce the no-external-images policy in my code.

One way would be writing a regex to extract image URLs from the markdown sourcecode or even run it through the markdown renderer and use a DOM parser to extract all src attributes from img tags.

However, I'm curious if there's some way to hook into Python-Markdown to extract all image links or execute custom code (e.g. raising an exception if the link is external) during parsing.


回答1:


One approach would be to intercept the <img> node at a lower level just after Markdown parses and constructs it:

import re
from markdown import Markdown
from markdown.inlinepatterns import ImagePattern, IMAGE_LINK_RE

RE_REMOTEIMG = re.compile('^(http|https):.+')

class CheckImagePattern(ImagePattern):

    def handleMatch(self, m):
        node = ImagePattern.handleMatch(self, m)
        # check 'src' to ensure it is local
        src = node.attrib.get('src')
        if src and RE_REMOTEIMG.match(src):
            print 'ILLEGAL:', m.group(9)
            # or alternately you could raise an error immediately
            # raise ValueError("illegal remote url: %s" % m.group(9))
        return node

DATA = '''
![Alt text](/path/to/img.jpg)
![Alt text](http://remote.com/path/to/img.jpg)
'''

mk = Markdown()
# patch in the customized image pattern matcher with url checking
mk.inlinePatterns['image_link'] = CheckImagePattern(IMAGE_LINK_RE, mk)
result = mk.convert(DATA)
print result

Output:

ILLEGAL: http://remote.com/path/to/img.jpg
<p><img alt="Alt text" src="/path/to/img.jpg" />
<img alt="Alt text" src="http://remote.com/path/to/img.jpg" /></p>



回答2:


Updated with Python 3 and Python-Mardown 3

import re
from markdown import Markdown
from markdown.inlinepatterns import Pattern, IMAGE_LINK_RE

RE_REMOTEIMG = re.compile('^(http|https):.+')

class CheckImagePattern(Pattern):

    def handleMatch(self, m):
        node = Pattern.handleMatch(self, m)
        # check 'src' to ensure it is local
        src = node.attrib.get('src')
        if src and RE_REMOTEIMG.match(src):
            print 'ILLEGAL:', m.group(9)
            # or alternately you could raise an error immediately
            # raise ValueError("illegal remote url: %s" % m.group(9))
        return node

DATA = '''
![Alt text](/path/to/img.jpg)
![Alt text](http://remote.com/path/to/img.jpg)
'''

mk = Markdown()
# patch in the customized image pattern matcher with url checking
mk.inlinePatterns['image_link'] = CheckImagePattern(IMAGE_LINK_RE, mk)
result = mk.convert(DATA)
print result

Hope it's useful!



来源:https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5930542/check-image-urls-using-python-markdown

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